A new U.S. $1 coin is paying tribute to the life of Mary Golda Ross (Cherokee), who took the tribal education fostered by her great-great-grandfather Chief John Ross, to new heights as the first Native woman aerospace engineer and a pioneer of the Space Program.
The idea that individuals should be remembered and acknowledged – for our humanity as much as for theirs – is at the heart of every memorial.
In spite of racial barriers, Indigenous women served with U.S. and Canadian forces in the horrors of the Great War as nurses in military hospitals near the front. Here is the story of two veterans of the Nurse Corps of the Army Medical Department in France during 1918, Cora Elm (Wisconsin Oneida) and Edith Anderson (Grand River Mohawk).
An ancient ceramic vessel preserves the folklore of the Holy Four and shows the artistic skill of the Indigenous Caribbean peoples centuries before Columbus.
For more than 60 years, Charles Shay (Penobscot) couldn’t talk about his horrific experiences on Omaha Beach during the largest seaborne invasion in history. Now he performs a smudging ceremony at the annual D-Day observances in Normandy, France, in honor of the 175 American Indians who landed that day. The French have dedicated a park overlooking the beach, in his, and their, honor.
Naal Tsoos Saní, the “Old Paper” in the language of the Diné, is the Treaty of 1868 that ended the Navajo peoples’ forced relocation to the Bosque Redondo. Although it is the legal foundation of the modern Navajo Nation, its limits on traditional Diné sovereignty are still intensely debated. The 20-page document, recently displayed in the exhibit Nation to Nation: Treaties Between the United States and American Indian Nations at the Museum on the National Mall, is moving to the Navajo Nation Museum in Window Rock, Ariz., for the 150th anniversary of its signing.
This multi-talented Pawnee student greatly impressed his teachers at Haskell Institution with his artistic skill. He also impressed his commander in the “Rough Riders” of the Spanish–American War, Lt. Col. Theodore “Teddy” Roosevelt, with his bravery in combat.
Indian soldiers played an outsized role in the famed 45th “Thunderbird” Division, comprising the National Guards of four southwestern states. They left their imprint on the annals, and the public face, of the U.S. Army of World War II.
The first American Indian to receive the Congressional Medal of Honor in the 20th century, Lt. Col. Ernest Childers (Muscogee Creek) graduated from Chilocco Indian Agricultural school on the eve of World War II. Like many of his schoolmates, he enlisted in the Oklahoma National Guard, soon to be incorporated into the U.S. Army. His single-handed heroism in the bloody Italian Campaign was the start of a distinguished military career.
Natives played major league ball from its earliest days. Although they didn’t face a formal color bar, they still met with stereotyping and countless racial insults.